Guatemala, a Central American country south of Mexico, is a unique country with a number of eco-tourism attractions. Deep into this mysterious and diverse land, the journey through Guatemala is intoxicating and challenging.
A chronology of key events:
1523-24 - Becomes a Spanish colony
1821 - Be independent and joins the Mexican empire the next year
1823 - Becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America, including Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua
1839 - Fully independent
1844-65 - It is ruled by conservative dictator Rafael Carrera.
1873-85 - It is ruled by liberal President Justo Rufino Barrios, who modernises the country, develops the army and introduces coffee growing.
1931 - President Jorge Ubico’s tenure is marked by repressive rule and then by an improvement in the country's finances.
1941 - Declares war on the Axis powers